INDIAN RIVERS: Indian history attributes rivers with celestial significance. Each stream is unique due to its geographic setting, prehistoric mythology, and physical demographics.
INDIAN RIVERS: Have you ever explored the course of a river?
It’s an amazing experience. Nature is mesmerizing.
A river is a body of water that resembles a ribbon and moves downward under the influence of gravity. A river may be both large and deep or it may be only shallow enough to wade across. A stream, creek, or brook is a flowing body of water that is smaller than a river.
‘RIVERS ARE THE BACKBONE OF HUMAN CIVILIZATION’The Eight distinct civilizations emerged in the ancient world: Mesopotamia, Egypt, Maya, India, China, Rome, Greece, and Persia.
In India, rivers were not seen as geographical entities, but also life living gods and goddesses.
Let me tell you some exciting facts about Indian rivers.
- The Chambal River is arguably India’s cleanest river. Due to a legend that claims anyone who touches Chambal’s waters would be cursed, people avoid taking baths there.
- Narmada and Brahmaputra are also among the cleanest rivers in India.
- Tehri Dam on the Bhagirathi River is the biggest, highest and tallest dam in India and also the eighth highest dam in the world, located at Uttarakhand.
- The second largest dam in South India – Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is built on the Krishna River in Telangana
- Saraswati which existed 4000 years ago no longer exists but has its name mentioned in the Rigveda.
- Bhagirathi, a tributary of Gangotri, is where the Ganga began. At Devprayag, Bhagirathi and Alaknanda converge to form the Ganga.
- The Ganga River is formed by the confluence of 12 rivers, also known as “Mokshdayini” and worshipped by the Hindus.
- Calcutta is situated on the banks of Hoogli (a distributary of the Ganga.)
- Triveni Sangam is the place where three holy rivers, Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati, meet. It is located in Prayag Raj, also known as Sangam City. It is also famous for migratory birds during summer.
- The Yamuna is the most polluted river in India.
- The Yamuna with a total length of 1376 km. is the 1st longest and second largest tributary of the Ganga followed by Ghaghra.
- Indus, Jhelum, Ravi and, Satluj are the rivers that originate in India and flow into Pakistan.
- The first foreign invasion in India which resulted in the Battle of Hydaspes was fought on the banks of river Jhelum in Kashmir.
- One of the world’s oldest civilizations – the Indus Valley civilization was based around the flood plain of the Indus.
- Harike Pattan, Punjab is the confluence of the Beas and Satluj rivers and is also the largest wetland in North India.
- Brahmaputra River is known as Yarlung Tsangpo in China, Dihang in Arunachal Pradesh and Jamuna in Bangladesh.
- the Brahmaputra is the ninth-largest river in the world by discharge and the 15th longest.
- The Brahmaputra while flowing through Assam becomes as wide as 20 Km.
- The Brahmaputra is the 5th strongest river in the world.
- Majuli is the world’s largest riverine island in the Brahmaputra in the state of Assam.
- Majuli Island is the first island district in India. In 2016, it was designated as a district.
- India’s longest bridge Bhupen Hazarika Bridge (9.15 Km) is built on the Lohit River, a tributary of the Brahmaputra River connecting Dhola, Arunachal Pradesh to Sadiya, Assam.
- The highest waterfall in India – Jog Falls is formed when the Sharavathi River flows from a height of 829 ft. 24) Most of the rivers in India flow from the West to the East direction to empty in the Bay of Bengal.
- Only a few like Narmada, Tapti and Sabarmati rivers flow from East to West direction.
- Two major rivers flowing in Rajasthan – Luni and Banas have inland water drainage, i.e., they do not empty into the ocean, but get lost in the sand.
- Mahanadi used to be known as the distress of Odisha because it caused a lot of floods in the state. The situation has been brought under control by building the Hirakud Dam on Mahanadi.
- Cuttack Delta is formed by the Mahanadi River.
- The point at which Mahanadi meets the sea is known as False Point.
- The Kumbh Mela of South India is held on the banks of the Godavari River in Nashik.
- Krishna River originates at Krishna Bal Temple in Maharashtra. The dam with the highest power generation capacity is the Koyna Dam built on the Koyna River which is a tributary of the Krishna.
10 total views, 4 views today