Let us understand the word ‘intelligence’ from its roots and meaning of the word.
In general, intelligence refers to the ability to learn or understand or to deal with new or trying situations.
It is also a well-known fact that our intelligence is strongly influenced by our environment. It can include the demographic surrounding, the vicinity, the facilities, the lifestyle, language, parents, people around…etc. At the same time, it is also believed and proven scientifically that intelligence is genetic as well.
However, the fact is intelligence is a combined output of genetic and environmental impact.
THE ETYMOLOGY OF ‘INTELLIGENCE’
The Latin words “inter” and ‘legere’ are the origin of the word “intelligence.” Legere means “to pick,” and “inter” means “between.” Therefore, someone who has acquired the ability to “select or choose between” is intelligent.
THE THREE KINDS OR TYPES OF INTELLIGENCE
The capacity to make use of previously learned abilities and knowledge is referred to as crystallized intelligence Utilizing crystallized intelligence requires the recollection of prior knowledge and abilities.
On the other hand, examples of using Crystallized Intelligence include recalling historical facts and dates, remembering places, expanding one’s vocabulary, and reciting poetry (Reference to Horn, 1968).
The knowledge that has been gathered over time, such as knowledge of how to think, language abilities, and technological understanding, leads to crystallized intelligence.
General knowledge or Knowledge based on general information exams are used to assess this type of intelligence, which is correlated with education, experience, and cultural background.
Fluid intelligence is the ability to reason quickly and flexibly to solve new issues without drawing on prior knowledge and experience.
Our ability to recognize and infer correlations between variables, as well as to understand abstract information, facilitates problem-solving. It is associated with crucial abilities like understanding and learning information.
It is the ability to understand, manage, and express one’s emotions as well as act wisely and sympathetically, and empathetically in interpersonal interactions.
It is commonly defined by four attributes:
- Self-management – You’re able to control impulsive feelings and behaviours, manage your emotions in healthy ways, take initiative, follow through on commitments, and adapt to changing circumstances.
- Self-awareness – You recognize your own emotions and how they affect your thoughts and behavior. You know your strengths and weaknesses and have self-confidence.
- Social awareness – You have empathy. You can understand the emotions, needs, and concerns of other people, pick up on emotional cues, feel comfortable socially, and recognize the power dynamics in a group or organization.
- Relationship management – You know how to develop and maintain good relationships, communicate clearly, inspire and influence others, work well in a team, and manage conflict.
The National Education Policy has introduced Multiple Intelligences as part of the 21st Century education and the Akshara Education policy has been re-defined, and designed with a dedicated time allotment to enhance and sharpen multiple intelligences (refer to school website on curriculum & iconic features) of the students.
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